The cornea and lens of the eye help a lot to focus on objects, but if they are somehow damaged, which is called refractive errors, the eye can no longer focus properly and will cause blurred vision or even visual impairment in some severe cases. If you have blurred vision, your first option is probably eyeglasses or lenses.
On the other hand, not all people with blurred vision are comfortable with wearing contact lenses or glasses, since they can negatively affect your active lifestyle. Fortunately, there are several other methods of correcting refractive errors, including nearsightedness (myopia), farsightedness (hyperopia), or astigmatism according to each person’s condition.
In this article, we have laid out some of the most popular and effective types of eye surgery in Iran to correct vision problems and get rid of glasses for good. Keep reading!
Different types of eye surgery in Iran
Ophthalmologists (eye surgeons) have made incredible strides in vision correction surgery in the past few years. But before any procedure, you should know that eye number does not determine the type of surgery you need.
People with the same eye numbers may have different conditions in terms of corneal thickness, corneal curvature, and the depth of the anterior chamber of the eye and, as a result, may need different procedures. If you get eye surgery in Iran, a proficient ophthalmologist will evaluate your eye and diagnose which type of surgery is suitable for you.
laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) is one of the most operated eye surgery in Iran. The surgery usually takes less than 20 minutes. Eye LASIK in iran is done under local anesthetics in which ophthalmologists make an incision in the outer layer of the cornea (flap) to access the underlying tissue and then they use a laser to reshape the cornea.
Afterward, the flap is put in place again with a protective shield for the eyes. This method is a good choice for patients with nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism. The FDA (US Food and Drug Administration) also approves this method as a highly successful surgery with the shortest recovery time.
PRK (photorefractive keratectomy)
PRK procedure reshapes the cornea just as LASIK surgery does. However, in PRK, the outer layer of the cornea (epithelium) is removed completely before the corneal tissue is deformed. The epithelium repairs itself a few days after the surgery and covers the surface of the cornea again.
Hence, it has longer recovery period and the operation results take longer to appear than those of LASIK. This procedure is more suitable for patients who have thin corneas or high prescriptions. After PRK eye surgery, a soft contact lens is used as a dressing for the patient's comfort. Other differences between PRK and LASIK include:
- PRK causes more pain and discomfort.
- It does not have the risks and complications of the corneal flap.
- It reduces the risk of corneal thickness reduction.
- It is more preferable for patients with an active lifestyle.
- Costs less than LASIK.
LASEK and Epi-LASIK
LASEK stands for (Laser subepithelial keratomileusis) is an eye surgery in Iran similar to PRK and LASIK. The only differences are that in LASEK, the corneal epithelium is removed using alcohol and it’s the best option for people with thin cornea. LASEK is less painful and has shorter recovery period than PRK. In addition, the risk of flap complications is lower in LASEK than in LASIK.
Epi-LASIK is the same as the LASEK method, except that it uses a mechanical device to create a very thin epithelial flap, which preserves more epithelial tissue than using alcohol.
Femto LASIK is actually an advanced method of LASIK operation in which a laser is used to make small incisions instead of a cutting tool.
Advantages of Femto LASIK
- Shorter recovery time than traditional LASIK
- Faster healing
- Fewer complications
Disadvantages of Femto LASIK
- Slightly higher prices than LASIK
- Possibility of dry eyes
- sensitivity to light
PRELEX (presbyopic lens exchange)
PRELEX is an eye surgery in Iran for correcting refractive errors in patients over 45 years of age who are more likely to have presbyopia (age-related farsightedness). This procedure corrects both myopia and hyperopia. If the lens of the eye loses its flexibility, a disease called presbyopia happens.
People with presbyopia have difficulty concentrating on different objects. PRELEX is a procedure to improve flexibility and fix other problems caused by presbyopia. In this operation, multifocal lenses replace the natural lenses of your eyes. These lenses allow you to focus on different points, both far and near.
Cataract is a problem that normally shows up when you get older. The disease causes the lens on the retina to become cloudy and as a result, the eyes can no longer see images clearly. Therefore, the surgeon uses a device and inserts it through a small cut into your eye. Then, ultrasound waves break up the cataract so that the surgeon can vacuum it out.
After removing the cloudy lens, an artificial lens is inserted into the eye through the same small incision. The operation usually takes about 10 to 15 minutes and it does not need stitches and heals on its own.
Best time to have eye surgery
The best time for corrective eye surgery is after your eye prescription has not changed for at least a year. It’s okay to have eye surgery as long as you are 18 or older. However, many experts agree that somewhere between 21 and 40 years of age is the ideal time to have the procedure since there are still some chances for eyes to change between 18 and 21.
Even if you get a surgery before the right age, the disorder can return. On the other hand, ophthalmologists advise people not to postpone eye surgery to an older age because the body's ability to repair cells diminishes as we get older. Moreover, the best season to undergo eye surgery in Iran is winter because the humidity level will be lower and the cool temperatures will help you through your healing process.
Cost and price of eye surgery in Iran
If you are looking for the cheapest yet high-quality treatments, Iran is the right place for you. Eye surgery in Iran costs far less than other countries due to the low value of Iran’s currency although it offers the most advanced equipment and prominent ophthalmologists.
Iran’s health centers operate according to international standards and the combination of proficient surgeons and low prices has led the country to become a medical tourism destination for many patients. Iranian ophthalmologists can analyze your eyes and recommend the best line of treatment for you. So, do not waste any time and get in touch with them.
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